Rowman & Littlefield Publishers
Trim: 6 x 9
978-1-4422-1899-4 • Paperback • October 2014 • $52.00 • (£40.00)
978-1-4422-4239-5 • eBook • October 2014 • $46.50 • (£36.00)
W. Rand Smith is Irvin L. and Fern D. Young Presidential Professor of Politics, emeritus, at Lake Forest College.
Part I: Introduction
Chapter 1: Enemy Brothers and Critical Junctures
Part II: Cases
Chapter 2: France: Impossible Victory
Chapter 3: Italy: Historically Compromised
Chapter 4: Spain: Transcending History
Part III: Extensions
Chapter 5: Organization
Chapter 6: Alliances
Chapter 7: Conclusion
Smith examines the longstanding relationship between socialists and communists in France, Italy, and Spain—three Latin European countries with historically significant communist parties rivaling socialists for domination of the political Left. In particular, the distinction is made between periods of conflict and periods of cooperation since 1920, but especially since the 1960s, and the critical junctures when a party (or specifically its leader) chose a given strategic direction in a path-dependent way. Smith's explanation is based on the effects of national political institutions, the culture of specific parties, and individual party leaders. Such breadth is crucial to a full explanation and is a key strength of this book. The conclusions then extend the analysis briefly to Greece and Portugal. In addition to examining the building of alliances, antecedent focus is given to the comparative nature of party organizations. This is an excellent work of comparative politics, clearly written and based on detailed research and fieldwork. It provides insights on each country as well as west European politics in general. Brief historical counterfactuals are also suggested. Definitely recommended for both political scientists and historians. Summing Up: Highly recommended. Upper-division undergraduate, graduate, and research collections.
— Choice Reviews
A welcome contribution to the comparative literature on the extended family of the European Left. . . . Smith’s book provides valuable detailed studies of the relations between communists and socialists in three Southern European countries. He provides interesting insights and a fresh perspective on the question of Left–Left relations, an issue that will certainly attract the attention of scholars of European Politics. The identity crisis of European social democracy, the rise of anti-establishment parties on the radical Left, the closer co-operation and tighter organisation of socialists and communists in Europarties and the impact of the economic crisis on these developments raise interesting questions about the new patterns of party competition and co-operation on the European Left. Enemy Brothershas important messages to convey with regard to these issues.
— West European Politics
The book unquestionably provides the reader with a clear, informative contemporary history of political forces that will surely contribute to a much-needed comparison of the Southern European experience.
— Revue française de science politique
The chapters include case studies of the evolution of socialist and communist parties in France, Italy, and Spain (with shorter sections devoted to Portugal and Greece), as well as analyses of party organization and alliances. These treatments are comprehensive and judicious, and for those interested in party behavior and decision making more generally, they make a good case for why and how organization, culture, and leadership matter. Enemy Brothers should be helpful both to students of the European Left and political parties more generally.
— American Political Science Review
Rand Smith has produced a study that is, first and foremost, an impressivesynthesis of the experience of the major West European Lefts where bothCommunists and Socialists were serious political contenders—France, Italy, and Spain. Utilizing his own extensive previous research experience andinterviews and the relevant documentary and secondary material in threelanguages, Smith successfully achieves something often paid lip-service, butrarely accomplished: he lays out a clear, historically informed frameworkand applies it, comparatively, across all three cases. As an additionalbonus, he applies the same framework to two additional countries—Portugaland Greece—as further evidence of the utility of focusing on criticaljunctures in the history and evolution of such parties. Taken in itsentirety, this book is the best sort of contextualized comparison.It has implications that go well beyond how Communists and Socialists ofyesteryear responded to turning points in their own and their countries' history. Students of political parties, as well as anyone interested in thecurrent crisis of the traditional Left, or the travails of new oppositionalforces in Western democracies, will benefit enormously by reading EnemyBrothers.
— Stephen Hellmann, York University
Rand Smith's well-designed study of the relations between Socialist and Communist parties in France, Italy, and Spain—the three largest 'Latin European' countries—is a much-needed contribution that will be of significant interest to scholars and students alike. On the basis of decades of research experience in these three countries, Smith has written a book that is not only highly informative but also lively and engaging. He has taken the complex and changing relations between these two wings of the European left as an opportunity both for theoretical work on party behavior and for revisiting the history of important times in ways that will be of appeal to a wide group of readers. Students of Western European politics, twentieth-century European history, political parties, and the Left will find the book to be valuable reading.
— Robert M. Fishman, University of Notre Dame
In this elegantly written and carefully argued book, Rand Smith fills an important gap in the scholarly literature on Left parties. His examination of the troubled relationship between Socialist and Communist parties sheds new light on both the historical trajectory and the current state of the European Left. The culmination of forty years of Rand Smith’s research expertise on Left parties, governments, and unions, this is an analytically rich and utterly compelling book that deserves to be read widely.
— Chris Howell, Oberlin College
• Winner, CHOICE Outstanding Academic Titles 2013