“Chander rightly calls for a focus on “how diverse readers read diverse texts” (100) that will reconstitute the ﬁeld of anglophone Romanticism … This is the sharpest innovation of Brown Romantics and what it requires from the ﬁeld is more scholarship toward a new literary history of empire. Chander shows that he understands the stakes, when he disarmingly describes his vital book as a “casting call for nineteenth-century poets of color” (107). It is a call that forces the question “what does it really take to count as a Romantic?.... [I]f literature scholars are going to understand empire, we are going to need to identify new reading publics and then reconcile them with the voluminous data provided by historians. Identifying those new literary cultures is the ambition of Manu Samriti Chander’s Brown Romantics and Nikki Hessell’s Romantic Literature and the Colo-nised World, two of the most important recent books published in Romanticism studies. The authors and publics they introduce and the methods they use to organize them should have profound consequences for how Romanticism deﬁnes itself as a ﬁeld.